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为pixel手机编译aosp源码

前言

目的:

  • 修改调试标志
  • 打印native动态注册地址
  • 改机
  • 脱壳(fart)

编译android 7源码。分两个步骤:

  1. 下载android源码到硬盘,大概有100G左右
  2. 使用docker进行编译

所有操作都在docker中进行

一、构建docker环境

参考资料:

https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/help/AOSP/

FROM ubuntu:16.04

# aliyun sources
COPY sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list
RUN apt-get clean
RUN apt-get update

WORKDIR /root/

ENV USER root

ENV PATH="/android_build/bin:${PATH}"

RUN apt-get update

#install essential build
RUN apt-get install -y bsdmainutils openjdk-8-jdk git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential zip curl zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib g++-multilib libc6-dev-i386 lib32ncurses5-dev x11proto-core-dev libx11-dev lib32z-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc unzip python python3 bc libc6

#install repo
RUN mkdir -p /android_build/bin && curl https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/git-repo > /android_build/bin/repo && chmod a+x /android_build/bin/repo

RUN rm -rf /var/cache/apt && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists

#install gcc 4.4
RUN mkdir -p /android_build/gcc

RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/cpp-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/gcc/cpp-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/gcc-4.4-base_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4-base_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/gcc-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/gcc-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb

RUN dpkg -i /android_build/gcc/cpp-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4-base_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb /android_build/gcc/gcc-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb

#install g++ 4.4
RUN mkdir -p /android_build/g++

RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/g++-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/g++/g++-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/libstdc++6-4.4-dev_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/g++/libstdc++6-4.4-dev_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
RUN curl http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gcc-4.4/g++-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb > /android_build/g++/g++-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb

RUN dpkg -i /android_build/g++/g++-4.4_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb /android_build/g++/libstdc++6-4.4-dev_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb /android_build/g++/g++-4.4-multilib_4.4.7-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb

#set gcc 4.4 and g++ 4.4 as default
RUN update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.4 44
RUN update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-4.4 44

# install bootimg tools for kernel
RUN git clone https://github.com/pbatard/bootimg-tools.git
RUN cd bootimg-tools && make && cp mkbootimg/mkbootimg /android_build/bin/ && cp mkbootimg/unmkbootimg /android_build/bin/ && cd .. && rm -rf bootimg-tools

#change dash to bash
RUN echo "dash dash/sh boolean false" | debconf-set-selections
RUN DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive dpkg-reconfigure dash

#copy the entry script into the container

#set volume
VOLUME ["/tmp/ccache", "/aosp"]

ENV USE_CCACHE 1
ENV CCACHE_DIR /tmp/ccache

WORKDIR /aosp

运行命令开始构建:sudo docker build -t xiaoming996/aosp-android-7:1.0.0 .

编写docker-compose.yaml

version: "3.4"
services:
  aosp:
    container_name: aosp
    image: xiaoming996/aosp-android-7:1.0.0
    volumes:
       - /path/aosp/nougat:/aosp
       - /path/aosp/nougat/tmp/ccache:/tmp/ccache
    network_mode: "bridge"
    tty: true

启动容器:sudo docker-compose up -d

进入容器:sudo docker exec -it aosp bash

二、下载源码

源码初始化脚本repo-init-sync.sh

#!/bin/bash
#
# 同步源码
#

set -ex

git config --global user.email "thanatos@aosp.local"
git config --global user.name "thanatos"

TEST_BRANCH=${TEST_BRANCH:-android-7.1.2_r33}
TEST_URL=${TEST_URL:-https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/AOSP/platform/manifest}

repo init --depth 1 -u "$TEST_URL" -b "$TEST_BRANCH"

repo sync

执行命令screen -L ./repo-init-sync.sh, 由于网络的原因,源码可能会不完整,建议多执行几次repo sync


源码下载完成后还需要下载google pixel硬件支持包。

  • 根据源码分支查看Android分支对应的构建
  • 查找到android-7.1.2_r33对应的Build为NZH54D
  • 然后直接到官网下载驱动包

操作细节如下:

wget https://dl.google.com/dl/android/aosp/qcom-marlin-nzh54d-37c85e51.tgz
wget https://dl.google.com/dl/android/aosp/google_devices-marlin-nzh54d-32d88dd3.tgz
tar -zxvf google_devices-marlin-nzh54d-32d88dd3.tgz
tar -zxvf qcom-marlin-nzh54d-37c85e51.tgz
./extract-google_devices-marlin.sh
./extract-qcom-marlin.sh

三、编译源码

源码有了,下面开始编译。为了方便,编写build.sh

#!/bin/bash

set -ex

cpus=$(grep ^processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l)

prebuilts/misc/linux-x86/ccache/ccache -M 50G

source build/envsetup.sh
lunch aosp_sailfish-eng

threads=$((cpus * 2))
make -j $threads

在源码目录运行:screen -L ./build.sh

出现错误:build/core/ninja.mk:148: recipe for target 'ninja_wrapper' failed

解决方法:在build/envsetup.sh最后添加export LC_ALL=C

出现错误:Try increasing heap size with java option '-Xmx'.

解决办法:https://2net.co.uk/blog/jack-server.html

四、刷机

通过上面的步骤,成功编译了Android源码。接下来将编译好的固件刷入到手机。

先用官方的aosp底包刷:./flash-all

然后刷入编译的镜像:

fastboot flash boot_a boot.img
fastboot flash boot_b boot.img

fastboot flash system system.img
flash system_<another slot> system_other.img
原创作品未经允许不得转载:WTF博客 » 为pixel手机编译aosp源码

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    url4个月前 (05-08)回复